torsdag 27. juli 2017

The worlds biggest oil companies all acknowledge AGW, carbon taxes and sees a future in renewable energies:


Worlds biggest oil companies all acknowledge AGW, carbon taxes and sees a future in renewable energies:

http://oilandgasclimateinitiative.com/

GCI is a voluntary, CEO-led initiative which aims to lead the industry response to climate change. Launched in 2014, OGCI is currently made up of ten oil and gas companies that pool expert knowledge and collaborate on action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Jeg har gjennomgått standpunktene til flere av verdens største oljeselskap: Alle sammen erkjenner AGW, at karbonskatter er en bra ting og at fornybar energi er / blir fremtiden.














"With the Paris Agreement, almost 200 governments agreed to hold temperature rise to well below 2oC and to pursue efforts to limit temperature rise to 1.5oC. This has energized countries, companies and consumers to take action.

“As scientists and engineers, BP recognizes the urgency of the climate challenge - and we intend to be part of the solution. We are calling for a price on carbon, increasing gas in our upstream portfolio, investing in renewables and low carbon innovation, and pursuing energy efficiency.”

“Two decades ago, BP was one of the first energy companies to address the threat of climate change, pioneering alternatives like wind, solar and biofuels. We invested billions of dollars to make renewable energy a genuine alternative.”

“Renewables are the fastest-growing energy source in the world today, on course to provide at least 14% of the global energy mix by 2040. BP has been in the renewables business for more than 20 years – we’re one of the largest operators among our peers and we’re expanding as we see more opportunities”

Renewable energy

Introduction by Bob Dudley

BP er freidige nok til å ha vindmølle på hjemmesiden.
Oil giant BP have a wind mill on their front page.



BP on wind energy:
Wind energy
In the world today, wind power accounts for over half of all renewable power. And, we expect that - with decreasing production costs - onshore wind will become even more widespread.

BP is among the top wind energy producers in the US. The net generating capacity from our portfolio, based on our financial stake, is 1,452 megawatts of electricity. That’s enough electricity to power almost 400,000 homes. And, we calculate that our wind activities helped avoid around 2.54 million tonnes of CO2 in 2016.

"The US wind industry continues to experience steady growth, particularly with continued improvements in efficiency and costs, which have fallen by more than half since 2009."
Laura Folse, CEO, BP wind energy

http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/sustainability/climate-change/renewable-energy.html




EXXON-MOBIL:
Our position on climate change
We have the same concerns as people everywhere – and that is how to provide the world with the energy it needs while reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

The risk of climate change is clear and the risk warrants action. Increasing carbon emissions in the atmosphere are having a warming effect. There is a broad scientific and policy consensus that action must be taken to further quantify and assess the risks.

ExxonMobil is taking action by reducing greenhouse gas emissions in its operations, helping consumers reduce their emissions, supporting research that leads to technology breakthroughs and participating in constructive dialogue on policy options.

Addressing climate change, providing economic opportunity and lifting billions out of poverty are complex and interrelated issues requiring complex solutions. There is a consensus that comprehensive strategies are needed to respond to these risks.

http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/current-issues/climate-policy/climate-perspectives/our-position

Our products are also being used to make renewable energy sources more efficient. In fact, ExxonMobil is a major supplier of specialty lubricants to the wind industry, which uses our products to increase the efficiency and reliability of turbines.
http://corporate.exxonmobil.com/en/current-issues/climate-policy/climate-perspectives/encouraging-ghg-reductions




SINOPEC (2nd largest in the world, from China) on AGW, carbon taxes and renewable energy:
Fighting Against Climate Change
Climate change is a major global issue for all humankind. As a responsible energy and petrochemical company, Sinopec regards it as its due responsibility to fight against climate change. We make efforts to shift the pattern of growth, optimize energy structure, develop and utilize low-carbon energy resources and promote energy saving and consumption reduction. We are speeding up study on commercial test of CO2 recovering, in order to reduce GHG emissions and better prepare to combat climate change.[...]

International Social Responsibility
As the first to join the United Nations global compact Chinese enterprise, as well as the global compact China network of the rotating chairman unit, the Chinese petrochemical always adhere to the international development and social responsibilities, combining the construction "the world first-class energy chemical company" run, adhering to the "integrity norms, win-win cooperation; return to the prosperity of the local economy, local do contribution" concept, adhere to the international development process to promote economic, environmental and social three coordinated development, the struggle is the model of the international enterprise citizen, won the international society and the local parties to respect and trust.
http://www.sinopecgroup.com/group/en/socialresponsibility/Green/facc.shtml

Continuous Energy Supply

Energy powers economic and social development. In future, energy demand will grow constantly and fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal will continue to play a major role in energy supply. In the meantime, alternative energy will grow fast to be an important supplement.
http://www.sinopecgroup.com/group/en/socialresponsibility/Continuous/

7 signs that China is serious about combating climate change

 





STATOIL on AGW, carbon taxes and renewable energy:
At Statoil we believe that you can put a price on carbon. In fact we have to because it is one of the most effective ways to combat climate change. The impact of climate change is becoming more severe and noticeable: ice caps are melting, water is becoming scarce in some places, many fish and animal species face extinction, and heat waves are becoming the norm. Though that is bad enough, many scientists think the worst is yet to come, with more extreme weather and the UN warning that the world’s food supply is at considerable risk.

To mitigate these risks, action needs to be taken. Deployment of low carbon generation and energy efficiency is undoubtedly part of the solution. However, this also needs to work in tandem with significant carbon emissions reduction at power plants and heavy industries. Unless you start to take carbon out of power generation you are not going to make the change necessary to meet climate change targets.A cost on carbon pollution encourages polluters to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. This is often referred to as a carbon price. By putting a price on greenhouse gas emissions (carbon), Statoil and other companies, producers and consumers have an incentive to find new and cost-efficient ways to reduce emissions. Carbon pricing systems, if properly designed, drive fuel switching from coal to gas and investments in energy efficiency and low carbon technologies such as renewables and Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS).[...] Six chief executives of some of the largest oil and gas companies, including Statoil, wrote to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the President of COP 21 advocating for a global carbon price to be a key element of any global climate change agreement. This would give energy companies long-term certainty and stability, encourage investment in low carbon technologies and help mitigate against carbon leakage (the term used to describe the transfer of production to countries with less stringent greenhouse gas emissions regulations). Although they acknowledge that this will add to the oil and gas industry’s costs, these CEOs agree that it is necessary for a sustainable future.WOW.A clear goal for Statoil is not only to make sure that carbon pricing is debated but actually becomes the cornerstone for tackling climate change.

CAPTURING RENEWABLE BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES
As the world’s population grows and becomes more prosperous, we need to provide more energy to heat and light homes, fuel transport and power the economy. At the same time, we must reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
The Paris agreement is a clear call to action. The future of energy will be low-carbon. We will need a culture and a mind-set, where we look for the opportunities this transition offers.

-We know that carbon pricing works. If more governments put a price on carbon, business will follow suit and quickly.
– ELDAR SÆTRE, STATOIL CEO
https://www.statoil.com/en/magazine/carbon-pricing.html

STATOIL ON WIND ENERGY:
OUR OFFSHORE WIND PORTFOLIO
Statoil has interests in four large-scale conventional wind projects off the coast of the UK and Germany, and we are operator for the Dudgeon wind farm currently under construction. We are also pioneering innovation in offshore wind solutions through our unique floating wind concept Hywind.
Offshore wind already has a strong foothold in Europe with 10 GW installed capacity, and a global potential to reach more than 100 GW by 2030.
 Fixed turbines are ideal for developing offshore wind in water depths of 20–50 metres, but with floating structures, wind power can expand into new deep-water areas around the world—and Statoil is at the forefront of developing this exciting new market.
https://www.statoil.com/en/magazine/how-we_re-making-the-transition.html



PETROBAS (Brazil)
Several studies indicate that increased greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated to the energy and transport sectors is a consequence of the surging consumption of energy, especially coming from fossil fuels. Therefore, we are committed to understand the impact our activity has on climatic conditions and to deploying measures to mitigate them.

Our strategy is focusing on initiatives related to energy efficiency, operating improvements, new technology research and development, using renewable energy sources (particularly biofuels), and promoting the efficient use of our products. With these actions, we mitigate the growth curve of the greenhouse gases generated by our operations and products, contributing to the expansion of our business taking place on a sustainable basis. Through the Petrobras Socioenvironmental Program, we also sponsor environmental projects designed for water conservation, carbon fixation, and emission mitigation.

http://www.petrobras.com.br/en/society-and-environment/environment/climate-changes/















SHELL
We recognise the significance of climate change, along with the role energy plays in helping people achieve and maintain a good quality of life. A key role for society – and for Shell – is to find ways to provide much more energy with less carbon dioxide. Our lives depend on energy wherever we live. But in order to prosper while tackling climate change, society needs to provide much more energy for a growing global population while finding ways to emit much less CO2.

Shell has long recognised the climate challenge and the role of energy in enabling a decent quality of life. We believe that, while technological developments will emerge, effective policy and cultural change is essential to drive low-carbon business and consumer choices and opportunities. The transition to low-carbon solutions is best underpinned by meaningful government-led carbon “pricing” mechanisms. We welcome efforts made by governments to cooperatively reach the global climate agreement and support long-term climate goals that balance environmental pressures with development opportunities. We particularly welcomed the United Nations Paris Agreement on climate change, which came into force on November 4, 2016. The agreement seeks to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius by managing climate and environmental pressures while ensuring economic development.
http://www.shell.com/sustainability/environment/climate-change.html

Carbon "pricing" mechanisms
Shell supports the establishment of government-led carbon “pricing” mechanisms that deliver a meaningful cost on CO2 emissions, necessary to create a shift to a lower-carbon power and fuel options.

A carbon “pricing” mechanism is an effective way to stimulate investment in the development of low-carbon technologies and to create new energy choices. Government carbon “pricing” policies are designed to change the cost of goods and services, to favour those that result in lower emissions.

Both CO2 taxes and emissions trading systems could generate new revenue for governments and ensure that consumers are not affected by higher energy costs. Ideally this could create a virtuous circle in which emissions fall, while living standards continue to rise.

Shell Scenarios suggest that society will need to grow its renewable energy share to around 80% of an energy system much larger than today’s if the world is to complete an energy transition and achieve a long-term goal of near net-zero emissions by 2100.

The oil giant Shell issued a stark warning of the catastrophic risks of climate change more than a quarter of century ago in a prescient 1991 film that has been rediscovered.

A Shell spokeswoman said: “Our position on climate change is well known; recognising the climate challenge and the role energy has in enabling a decent quality of life. Shell continues to call for effective policy to support lower carbon business and consumer choices and opportunities such as government lead carbon pricing/trading schemes. “Today, Shell applies a $40 per tonne of CO2 internal project screening value to project decision-making and has developed leadership positions in natural gas and sugarcane ethanol; the lowest carbon hydrocarbon and biofuel respectively,” she said.


Even oil companies agrees om AGW now and are saying Climate Change Will Hurt Their Business


http://time.com/5178262/climate-change-oil-companies-future/

Shell lagde allerede i 1991 en video om AGW:



BONUS:

Just like Exxon, Shell oil knew about the danger of c02 emissions.






1982. Exxons egne forskere bekrefter at menneskers forbruk av fossile brensler øker konsentrasjonen av C02 i atmosfæren og bidrar til økt drivhuseffekt.

 

Videre står det  svart på hvitt at Exxons egne forskeres funn dermed var helt "in accord with the scientific consensus on the effect of increased atmospheric C02".

 

Konklusjonen i studien er derfor veldig tydelig:

5. Conclusion Available documents show a discrepancy between what ExxonMobil’s scientists and executives discussed about climate change privately and in academic circles and what it presented to the general public. The company’s peer-reviewed, non-peer-reviewed, and internal communications consistently tracked evolving climate science: broadly acknowledging that AGW is real, human-caused, serious, and solvable, while identifying reasonable uncertainties that most climate scientists readily acknowledged at that time. In contrast, ExxonMobil’s advertorials in the NYT overwhelmingly emphasized only the uncertainties, promoting a narrative inconsistent with the views of most climate scientists, including ExxonMobil’s own. This is characteristic of what Freudenberg et al term the Scientific Certainty Argumentation Method (SCAM)—a tactic for undermining public understanding of scientific knowledge [57, 58]. Likewise, the company’s peer-reviewed, non-peer-reviewed, and internal documents acknowledge the risks of stranded assets, whereas their advertorials do not. In light of these findings, we judge that ExxonMobil’s AGW communications were misleading; we are not in a position to judge whether they violated any laws. 





Its over. Climate change skeptics have outlived their usefulness to the fossil fuel industry. Even oil companies agree on the science now. Just a few more to go.

Just like tobacco fought the science on the dangers of tobacco smoking. Oil companies and their front groups and think tanks and their echo chamber denier blogs and their amateur deniers, have fought hard for 30 years to legitimize the right to pollute for oil, gas and coal companies, and to argue for ever more tax cuts for the free marked fundamentalists who created them so they can continue to make shitloads of money by ruining public health and add to the damages of CC.

Private corporations take the profit while the environment and the public takes the bill. But its over now. Even oil companies agree on the science now. Those of you who keep trying to muddy the waters will be like those Japanese soldiers left behind after WW2 - not knowing that the war was over.

Amateur deniers are on their own. With their own petty self interests, free marked fundamentalist egoism justified by conspiracies, paranoia and alternative realities. Time to pop the bubble? Time to turn your back on front groups exploiting your cognitive biases? Front groups which undermine the dangers of tobacco smoking on the same pages where they deny agw?



In court, Big Oil rejected climate denial

If even oil companies accept human-caused global warming, why doesn’t everybody?

In a California court case this week, Judge William Alsup asked the two sides to provide him a climate science tutorial.
The plaintiffs are the coastal cities of San Francisco and Oakland. They’re suing five major oil companies (Chevron, ExxonMobil, Shell, ConocoPhillips and BP) to pay for the cities’ costs to cope with the sea level rise caused by global warming. Chevron’s lawyer presented the science for the defense, and most notably, began by explicitly accepting the expert consensus on human-caused global warming, saying:

From Chevron’s perspective, there is no debate about the science of climate change
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2018/mar/23/in-court-big-oil-rejected-climate-denial?CMP=share_btn_fb 


Judge dismisses Exxon lawsuit against climate change probe 

CHEVRON’S LAWYER, SPEAKING FOR MAJOR OIL COMPANIES, SAYS CLIMATE CHANGE IS REAL AND IT’S YOUR FAULT







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